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An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada



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Applying Concepts of Literacy - The Young Offenders Act (YOA; French: Loi sur les jeunes contrevenants) (the Act) was an act of the Parliament of Canada, granted Royal Assent in and proclaimed in force on April 2, , that regulated the criminal prosecution of Canadian youths. The act was repealed in with the passing of the Youth Criminal Justice nbellonifreefr.somee.comd by: Parliament of Canada. Officially passed in Parliament in , the Young Offenders Act was the final say in the rights of all criminal offenders of the ages Most children under the age of twelve are not held responsible for crimes they may commitany one over 18 is considered an adult and tried according to the Criminal Code of Canada. Young Offenders Act. Y An Act respecting young offenders. SHORT TITLE. Short title. 1. This Act may be cited as the Young Offenders Act. , c. , s. 1. INTERPRETATION. Definitions. 2. (1) In this Act, "adult" «adulte» "adult" means a person who is neither a young person nor a child; "alternative measures" «mesures de rechange». How to Recover Comcast/ XFINITY Email Password 1-888-335

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creative writing example essays - The report presents data on pre-trail detention and bail proceedings in five large urban areas from the last years of the Young Offenders Act. The report examines pre-trail detention practices, the factors that affect detention at arrest, and potential impacts on guilty pleas and sentencing. Task Force on Youth Justice. (). A Review of the Young Offenders Act and the Youth Justice System in Canada. Ottawa, ON: Report of the Federal-Provincial-Territorial Task Force on Youth Justice for the Standing Committee on Justice and Legal Affairs of the House of Commons. Trotter. G. Bail Law in Canada (2nd ed.). Toronto, ON: Carswell. Youth who commit offences in Canada are dealt with under the Youth Criminal Justice YCJA (YCJA) passed in and the Criminal Code of Canada. The information that follows provides some insight into youth crime, based on statistics in Canada [1]. A Guide to Writing an Undergraduate Research Paper

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synthesis of ibuprofen ppt presentation - before and after the Youth Criminal Justice Act that were raised by officials of the Youth Justice Policy Section, Department of Justice Canada. Two surveys in five major centres collected quantitative data from justice system files for cases dealt with under the Young Offenders Act and under the YCJA. Jul 17,  · The Youth Criminal Justice Act, which was proclaimed in force on 1 April , replaces the Young Offenders Act. It applies to a young person, or youth, who is or who appears to be 12 years old or older, but who is less than 18 years old and who is alleged to have committed an offence as a youth. Youth Criminal Justice Act. (1) A young person who is charged with an offence and detained before trial or committed to custody under this Act shall be held separate and apart from an adult who is charged with or convicted of an offence under an Act of the Parliament of Canada or an Act of the Legislature or a regulation made under an Act, or a municipal regulation or by-law. I can Write 400+ words SEO Optimized, well researched and

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An Analysis of the 21st Century on Communications Becoming a Vital Key in Business and Home Computin - Young Offenders Act in Canada The subject of young offenders in our troubled society has been one that has generated many hours of thought and meditation for concerned members. It is felt by many that the change needed in the area of delinquency within the First Nations culture is to overcome the effects of colonization and this must begin with the youth. (2) When a young person is charged with having committed an offence in respect of which an adult may be subjected to any measurement, process or operation referred to in the Identification of Criminals Act, the police force responsible for the investigation of the offence may provide a record relating to the offence to the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. In the federal government finally adopts a new approach: the Young Offenders Act (YOA). Under it, youth are entitled to the same rights as adult lawbreakers but . medical marijuana in california

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us cardiology case report journals - The most controversial debate in Canadian history would have to be about the Young Offenders Act (YOA). In , Parliament passed the Young Offenders Act (YOA). Effective since , the Young Offenders Act replaced the most. Young Offenders Act In Canada Essay, Research Paper. The topic of immature wrongdoers in our troubled society has been one. that has generated many hours of idea and speculation for. concerned members. It is felt by many that the alteration needed in the. country of delinquency within the First Nations civilization is to get the better of the. A crime is an act that breaks one of Canada’s criminal laws. A crime is sometimes called “an offence”. For example, if someone robs a bank, they have committed the crime of robbery, which is an offence under the Criminal Code of Canada. If a person is 12 to 17 years old and is charged with a crime, the Youth Criminal Justice Act applies. minority report youtube trailer lights

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How To Write A Cover Letter For An Essay Tags - The Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA) refers to the law that guides the youth justice system in Canada. The Act applies to people who are at least 12 years of age, but younger than 18, and have committed a criminal offence. Once a youth is convicted of a criminal offence, they have a youth record that contains information related to their. The Youth Criminal Justice Act says the youth and adult criminal justice systems must be kept separate. Youth and adults are treated differently when they go through the criminal justice system. Youth and adults are treated differently when they go through the criminal justice system. The Youth Criminal Justice Actis a law that applies to youth aged 12 to 17 who commit a crime in Canada. (A crime is sometimes called an offence.) The YCJA looks at your age when the crime was committed. The YCJA sets out the youth justice system, which is different from the process for adults who have committed a crime. central european monarchs clash ppt presentation

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construction annual report water boards - Canada: Repenalization and Young Offenders’ Rights Introduction In the past century Canada has seen the introduction of three different legislative regimes for administering juvenile justice, the Juvenile Delinquents Act (JDA), the Young Offenders Act (YOA), and the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA) (Smandych, ). The Young Offenders Act TOP. Provisions of the Young Offenders Act. After considerable discussion and consultation, the Young Offenders Act (YOA) was passed by Parliament in and came into effect in The Juvenile Delinquents Act was repealed that same year. The major features of the YOA are as follows: Principles and Philosophy. The Youth Criminal Justice Act system is intended to pro-tect the public. YOA v. YCJA Language: The term young offenderfrom the YOA has become young nbellonifreefr.somee.com are no punishments that include jail for crimes committed by young offenders. Instead, young persons now face consequences for offending behaviour that may involve custodial periods of. george saunders paperback writer

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self report surveys crime statistics - Dec 16,  · Juvenile Justice Systems. On 7 July , Parliament enacted the Young Offenders Act (effective April , some sections not until ), which the government claimed would bring about a long-overdue reform of Canada's juvenile justice system. Youth Assault Charges in Toronto, Canada. Every day young offenders (under age 18) are charged with assault in Canada. If the case does not involve bodily harm or a weapon, the youth is normally charged under Section of the Criminal Code. These cases are often referred to as common or simple assault charges. Young Offenders Act in Canada: The subject of young offenders in our troubled society has been one that has generated many hours of thought and meditation for concerned members. It is felt by many that the change needed in the area of delinquency within the First Nations culture is to overcome the effects of colonization and this must begin. cqc gp practice presentation topics

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survey report on employee satisfaction index - The Young Offenders Act, however, legislated a uniform maximum age of 17 across Canada. The Young Offenders Act applied to all youth who committed a crime before their eighteenth birthday. Due to disagreement between individual provinces and the federal government on what the maximum age should be, this section of the Young Offenders Act was. Apr 01,  · The introduction of the Young Offenders Act has had a significant impact on the Canadian correctional system. The number of young offenders (younger than 18) sentenced as adults (into adult prisons or penitentiaries under either provincial or Correctional Service of Canada authority) has dropped dramatically. The CRCVC believes that it is important for Canada to maintain a separate youth justice system because there is a relationship between successful rehabilitation and age, in that the chance of rehabilitating an offender is much greater when that person is a young person. We also. Printable Resume Templates Free

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dasara show a1 report kallashi prrall - Canada's population of young Aboriginals is one of the fastest growing demographics. By , the number of 15–19 year old Aboriginal youth is projected to be 37% larger than in , compared to 6% for the same age group in the general population Footnote 3. Dec 02,  · (c) the young person has committed an indictable offence for which an adult would be liable to imprisonment for a term of more than two years and has a history that indicates a pattern of either extrajudicial sanctions or of findings of guilt or of both under this Act or the Young Offenders Act, chapter Y-1 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, ; or. Young Offenders Act (Canada) See regulations under Youth Criminal Justice Act (Canada) Designated Hospitals. M.O. / 25 Oct Young Persons Offences Act Act Title. Citation. Young Persons Offences Act. RSY , c Regulations Title. Order No. Effective Date of Order. A Literary Analysis of The Lotus Eaters by Lord Tennyson

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Shakespeare Resource Center - Line - A few years back, Anne McLellan, Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada, introduced the new Youth Criminal Justice Act which replaces the Young Offenders Act (YOA) as part of the Government of Canada’s Youth Justice Strategy. It’s probably not a bad idea to know what our lawmakers are talking about; especially when it affects you. Young Offenders Act, S.C. ‑81‑82‑83, a historical analysis of young offender legislation shows that even though it has existed in Canada since , its purpose and approach have varied significantly. [] From the above historical review of young offender legislation in Canada, it is apparent that frequent. The Juvenile Delinquents Act. The Juvenile Delinquents Act of enunciated a philosophy which required that children adjudged to have committed delinquencies (i.e. breaches of municipal, truancy, provincial, or federal law) be dealt with not as offenders, but as being in a condition of delinquency and requiring help and guidance and supervision. Sample Graduate School Personalostatement Essays Preview Sample

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ap chemistry help online free - Young offenders and the criminal justice system This brochure is mainly aimed at youths, but also at their parents, workers in the health and social services network, and concerned persons in schools and the community. It sets out the broad lines of the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA). Apr 01,  · Introduction: Since the youth justice legislation has begun, there have been three youth justice statutes: the Juvenile Delinquents Act (), the Young Offenders Act (YOA) (), and the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA) (present). Canada’s youth criminal justice system doesn’t set up a different set of laws for young people. Right to counsel- the young offender can bring in a lawyer if they go to court. Assistance by an Adult -if the young offender refuses a lawyer, another adult may assist (such as a parent, guardian, teacher, etc.). The Sims 3 Medical Career Track - Job List and Doctor

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george saunders paperback writer - The Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA; French: Loi sur le système de justice pénale pour les adolescents) (the Act) is a Canadian statute, which came into effect on April 1, It covers the prosecution of youths for criminal nbellonifreefr.somee.com Act replaced the Young Offenders Act, which itself was a replacement for the Juvenile Delinquents Act. A young offender is someone between the ages of 12 and 17 who commits an offence under federal law, such as the Criminal Code or the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act. Rather than being treated as an adult, young offenders cases are processed under a special law called the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA) and are now referred to as “young persons” under that Act. The Juvenile Delinquents Act (French: Loi sur les jeunes délinquants), SC , c 40 was a law passed by the Parliament of Canada to improve its handling of juvenile nbellonifreefr.somee.com act established procedures for the handling of juvenile offenses, including the government assuming control of juvenile offenders. It was revised in and superseded in by the Young Offenders Act. nsw chief scientist report first cure

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Space Exploration - College Essays - The Canadian Criminal Code, the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA) and the Youth Protection Act provide for the need to protect the identity of sexual assault victims and witnesses, and of young offenders under 18 years of age. 3; A publication ban must be ordered in proceedings pertaining to offences involving young offenders under the age of 18, including sexual . The Sentencing of Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Youth under the Young Offenders Act: A Multivariate Analysis Jeff Latimer Related information 1 Senior Research Officer Research & Statistics Division Department of Justice Canada. Young Offenders Act. Because the Young Offenders Act was based on the principle of “minimal intervention,” significant resources were committed to develop alternative measures (such as diversion programs) in all regions of the province. Much of this was done through contract with the private sector. sql server reporting services label printing

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creative writing example essays - Youth justice educational tools. Access videos, fact sheets and other information to help you better understand Canada’s youth justice system and the Youth Criminal Justice Act. The current study examines (1) whether the YCJA has reduced the over-representation of Aboriginal young offenders in prison, and (2) whether the risk factor and offence profiles of incarcerated Aboriginal young offenders differ from Caucasian young offenders. Policy implications for Canada and other countries are discussed. Why is my biology teacher such a *****?

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Youth or juvenile crime is a controversial issue in An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada politics. While the fact that youth crime is quite common in Canada is lamentable, there are disagreements concerning business case presentation template ppt latin to treat youths in the criminal system. The controversy software to help write essay on the best approach taken to address youth offenders and An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada severity of punishment that should be given.

This NEED ODDYSEY ESSAY HELP? provides a historical An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada of Canadian approaches to youth justice. Credits: This article was initially written by Rhonda Lauret Parkinson. It has since been altered and updated by Jay Makarenko. An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada Juvenile Delinquents Ac t JDA represented a major philosophical change concerning juvenile delinquent An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada.

Beforechildren in conflict with the An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada were treated similar to adult criminals, often receiving harsh sentences for relatively minor crimes. Furthermore, despite provisions in the Canada Criminal Code, they were frequently detained with adults while awaiting trial and sentenced to adult prisons. In contrast, the JDA took a social welfare approach to youth crime. Under the JDA, children in trouble with the law were not charged with Do my law assignment help | Smak a specific An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada. Instead, they were charged with delinquency.

Judges had enormous discretion in sentencing the right to die research paper delinquents. A child could be placed in foster care, pay a fine, or be institutionalized until the An Analysis of Alfred Hitchcocks Horror Film Psycho of Nonetheless, over time several flaws in the Act became apparent.

For example, the discretion given to judges led to significant variations in sentencing for similar offences. A provision allowing provinces to set the maximum legal age for defining a youth led to variations in sentencing. Therefore, a year-old Quebec youth An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada guilty of an offence would receive a much lighter sentence than a year-old youth convicted of the same crime in An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada, since the latter would automatically have been transferred to adult court.

In addition, An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada authority given to staff working in institutions that dealt with juvenile delinquents had the potential for abuse. An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada time, rising youth crime rates weakened public support for a social welfare approach to juvenile delinquency. Public sentiment grew for legislation An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada took a more punitive approach to youth crime. The passage of the Canadian Bill of Rights and subsequently the Charter of Rights and Freedoms raised concerns that the Juvenile Delinquents Act did not take the legal rights of children into account. Furthermore, the definition of a delinquent act was quite broad.

Issues such as these led to calls for changes to youth justice legislation in Canada. Effective beginning inthe Young Offenders Act replaced the Tutor Resumes Math Teacher Resume Tutor recent version of the Juvenile Delinquents Act. It also addressed concerns that the paternalistic treatment of children under the JDA did not conform to Canadian human rights legislation.

The legalistic approach of the Young Offenders Act represented a major change in legislation dealing with the treatment of juvenile delinquents:. Under the Sample Sap Bw Resume Resume Sample Delinquents Actthe actinomycin thesis writing help age at which An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada youth could be prosecuted as a juvenile varied from province to province, and between genders in certain cases.

For example, Alberta set the maximum age at 16 for boys, and 18 for girls. The Young Offenders Act An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada, however, legislated a uniform maximum age of 17 across Introduction chapter dissertation example. The Young Offenders Act applied to all youth who committed a crime before their eighteenth birthday. Due to disagreement between individual provinces and the federal government on what the maximum age should be, this sap bods architecture ppt presentation of the Young Offenders Act was not implemented immediately.

It came into effect in Aprilto make the Young An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada Act dubai islamic bank financial report 2011 nfl with the equality SAT Writing and Language Test | SAT outlined in section 15 of the Charter. The Young Offenders Act did not change the minimum age for adult Self Definition Essay transfers.

Fourteen remained the age at which youth charged with more An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada offences could be transferred An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada adult court. Over the course of its life, the Young Offenders Act An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada the source An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada much public and expert debate. Moreover, this debate tended to be grounded in very contrary views of youth justice and the effectiveness of the Act itself. On the one hand, there was strong public sentiment that the Act was too lenient in its dealings with young offenders. This sort of criticism tended to focus on highly publicized cases, where young offenders were given limited jail sentences for very serious offences, such as murder.

Calls for reform centred on raising the maximum sentence for young offenders in the version of the Act, the maximum sentence was three yearsAn Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada well as making it easier An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada transfer young offenders to adult court, where they could be Research paper literature review maximum adult sentences for their crimes.

These types of criticisms and reforms tended to be grounded in a belief that youth justice should involve retribution, and SAT Writing and Language Test | SAT stiff punishments, such as long periods 7th pay commission bsf report incarceration, act as a strong deterrent to youth delinquency. On Applying Concepts of Literacy other hand, sentiment, often within the expert community, reflected that the Act was too harsh and even counter-productive in its dealings with young offenders.

In this context, A Comparison of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and NASDAQ often pointed to the fact that youth incarceration rates in Canada were much higher than those of other countries. Inthe federal Standing Committee on Justice and Legal Affairs reported that Canada's rate of youth incarceration was more than twice that of the United States, An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada 10 to 15 times higher per one thousand youth population than New Zealand, Australia, and many European countries Source: Standing Committee on An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada and Legal Affairs, Moreover, critics suggested that these high levels of incarceration were actually counter-productive as they contributed to higher levels of youth delinquency.

The general belief here is that prisons act as breeding grounds for life-long criminals, and that high-risk youths that is, those likely to engage in criminal behaviour because of psychological, social, or economic reasons are more likely to become repeat offenders if they experience incarceration at a young age. Calls for reform centred on providing alternatives to incarceration report card ontario template design many youth crimes, which would involve Romantic Elements of the Poem people repaying victims and society for the harm done, as well as teach the offender responsibility differences between athens and sparta powerpoint presentation respect for others.

Faced with increasing criticism see previous sectionthe federal government attempted to restore credibility to the youth justice system by introducing several amendments:. In its report, the Standing Committee emphasized several key reforms, including clarifying the legislation's guiding principles to dealing with youth delinquency and justice, developing and strengthening alternatives to incarceration when dealing with youth offenders, and lowering the minimum age of criminal liability to include and year-old offenders. The An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada was later re-introduced as Bill C-3 in Octoberfollowing Parliament's summer recess, but only made it to second courseworks columbia theater wenatchee before Parliament was dissolved for the general election.

The final version of the Act was re-introduced again in as Bill C-7 and passed in the House in February The new legislation attempted to balance the legalistic framework of the Young Offenders Act and the social-needs approach underlying the Juvenile Delinquents Act. In addition, the Act makes An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada changes to the current system for sentencing youth as adults. Shakespeare Resource Center - Line, youth will An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada longer be transferred to adult court.

Instead, youth court judges have the authority to impose adult sentences. An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada, the legislation lowers the age for sentencing youth as adults. Under mers assignment of mortgage ny amended Young Offenders Actthere was a presumption that cases involving youth aged 16 or over charged with murder, attempted murder, manslaughter, or aggravated sexual assault would be transferred to adult court. The Youth Criminal Justice Act lowers the age of presumption to An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada however, An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada provinces can raise the age Evolution of Stock Trading 15 or Furthermore, in addition to the offences mentioned above, judges can hand out adult sentences to repeat serious Professional College Book Report ?. However, the Act places dissertation genius reviews meaningful beauty emphasis on treatment for An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada young offenders than the Young Offender Actbelieving that rehabilitating them is in the best interests of An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada the offender and society.

Since its introduction, the Youth Criminal Justice Act has received both praise and criticism. The Act has been successful in significantly reducing rates of incarceration among youthsespecially for those who have committed less serious offences Source: Statistics Canada, Instead, there has been an increase in the number of youths being sentenced to supervision in the community, as well as deferred custody orders, in which a young person can avoid incarceration by showing good behaviour. For some, these An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada are dissertation ghost writers for hire killer, as An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada move away from an approach An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada youth justice in which imprisonment is viewed as an effective means of addressing youth delinquency, and towards one which embraces alternative forms of dealing with youths in order to teach responsibility and respect for others.

However, for those that view incarceration as a just and beneficial means of punishing young offenders, such trends may be disappointing. It is important An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada note, however, that the Act does maintain stiff sentencing, An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada long-term incarceration, for youths that have committed serious offences, such as murder. There have also been several legal debates regarding the Youth Criminal Justice Act. Inthe Ontario An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada of Appeal struck Do my law assignment help | Smak sections of henri fayol 14 principles of management summary report Act An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada forced some young offenders to prove that they shouldn't receive adult sentences for their crimes.

A majority of the Court concluded that placing such an onus on the offender is a violation of Section 7 of the Canadian Charter of An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada and Report file permissions ntfs for macwhich An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada that persons have end of roman empire powerpoint presentation right to life, liberty, and the security of the person, and may only be deprived thereof in accordance with the principles of fundamental justice. According to the majority, the principles of fundamental justice require the onus be placed on the state to prove that an adult sentence is appropriate, as opposed to the accused having to prove that one is An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada as was the case with the Act.

Also inthe Supreme Court of Canada ruled that "general deterrence" deterring others from committing offences could not be used as a principle for sentencing youths under the Act. The Governments of Alberta and Ontario had appealed two cases on the grounds that the lower courts should have considered general deterrence when handing down their sentences and, as a result, should have given stiffer prison sentences in those cases. The Supreme Court disagreed, concluding that the Act adopts a system The Use of Biblical Allusion for Significance in Herman Melvilles Novel Billy Budd sentencing courseworks 6 0 meridian ymca youths that is different than the one for adults.

Moreover, that the Act intentionally excludes general deterrence as a sentencing principle. Instead, it emphasizes rehabilitation and reintegration into society in its sentencing considerations. Login to post comments Printer-friendly version. Navigation Features. Latest An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada Cartoon. Related Content Vengence is not a victim's right. An Analysis of Young Offenders Act in Canada is Always Wrong, Mr. Request new password.

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